Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University

Research

Seminars and Symposia

IDAC Seminar, 18 November 2011

Secretariat, Alumni Association, IDAC
Date Friday, 18 November 2011, 14:00~
Room Seminar-shitsu 1,2, IDAC Research Bldg.
Title BRCA1 and Global DNA Methylation,
Speaker Prof. Toru Ouchi
Affiliation Department of Cancer Genetics,Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY
Person-in-charge Natsuko Chiba Department of Molecular Immunology (ex 8478)
Abstract Global DNA hypomethylation at CpG islands coupled with local hypermethylation is a hallmark for breast cancer, yet the mechanism underlying this change remains elusive. There are approximately 30,000 CpG islands in the genome and 50-60% of these are found within the promoter region of genes. The abnormal methylation causes transcriptional repression of numerous genes, leading to tumor growth and development.
Our group has recently discovered that DNMT1, which encodes a methylation maintenance enzyme, is a transcriptional target of BRCA1. In mammary tumors developed in conditional BRCA1 knockout mice, levels of DNMT1 are significantly decreased, and subsequently global DNA methylation is also reduced. Several protooncogenes, such as c-myc, c-fos and Ha-ras, are induced in those tumors, suggesting that altered gene expression due to hypomethylation of genomic DNA contributes to carcinogenesis caused by BRCA1 deficiency. On-going projects include identification of the genes whose increased or decreased expression is correlated with promoter methylation identified above.